Mesothelioma is an uncommon cancer which develops with the protective lining of many of the body’s internal organs. This cancer is almost always caused by exposure to asbestos. Mesothelioma predominately occurs in the outer lining of the lung and internal chest wall; however, this disease may also occur in the lining of the abdominal cavity and the heart. Most persons develop mesothelioma if they have worked on jobs where they are exposed to asbestos dust or fibers. Mesothelioma is term into phases with the treatment choice based on the stage of the disease.
The four stages of this disease are: Stage1, when the tumor lies completely with the pleura. Stage 2, the tumor has spread to other organs. Stage 3, the disease has taken over the chest walls or into the heart; and Stage 4, the cancer has formed in other organs. Regrettably, no treatment has been quite effective in curing this disease as yet. Furthermore, treatments options may be different for each person; they sometimes include traditional, unconventional, new treatments or a combination of some. Since this cancer is rare person with the disease normally seek treatment from specialist from a number of mesothelioma treatment centers across the world, with each offering their exclusive treatments.
Mesothelioma treatments are used in conjunction with one another to provide thorough and effective care, such as chemotherapy which is the only treatment to improve mesothelioma patients’ survival rates and is given over a period of time. Surgery by itself is not very effective, however when used along with postoperative radiation therapy or chemotherapy the treatment is much more effective to get rid of any remaining mesothelioma cells.
Radiation is used to drain the chest in order to prevent further growth of the tumor along the chest walls; and immunotherapy improves the immune system to fight the cancer more effectively, with minimal side effects. A person that goes through these treatments has been known to live much longer. New and upcoming mesothelioma treatments are been researched and developed with the hope of finding the ultimate cure. There are new treatment to include gene therapy, photodynamic therapy, and immunotherapy, just to name a new.
Although, there have been major improvements in treatments, the treatments works better if the cancer is known in its earliest stages, so persons can live longer and enjoy life.